Labor Force-B: Household Workers or the Family Sector – First Quarter 2019

Approximately one-third of total expatriate workers in Kuwait are household workers, totaling at 715 thousand (according to the Central Statistical Bureau) in the end of the first quarter of 2019 (707 thousand workers in the end of 2018). The numbers are divided almost equally between males 353 thousand and females 362 thousand. Male workers from India take the lead with 237 thousand (234 thousand workers in the end of 2018), while the Philippines take the lead in female workers by about 141 thousand (139 thousand workers in the end of 2018). India leads total number of household workers of both genders by 46.4% of the total, followed by the Philippines by 19.9% of the total. Four nationalities namely India, the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka capture 91.9% of total household workers out of 10 nationalities. The six other nationalities form the rest by 3.3% for the highest and 0.3% for the least. The Pakistani manpower, due to the restrictions imposed on it, is not included among those ten nationalities. Four African countries are among the countries exporting household labor, led by Ethiopia at 3.3%, then Ivory Coast, Madagascar, and Cameron by 0.6%, 0.5%, and 0.3%, respectively.

If we merge the numbers of household workers with other expats categories according to nationality, Indians will score about 916 thousand workers (906 thousand workers in the end of the year 2018), or 32.2% of total labor force including Kuwaiti employees, and 37.4% of total foreign labor force, taking the lead in both cases. The Egyptian labor force comes second by a total labor of nearly 500 thousand workers (493 thousand workers in the end of the year 2018), forming 17.6% of total labor force and 20.6% of total expat labor force. The Kuwaiti workforce comes third at 385 thousand (381 thousand workers in the end of the year 2018) forming 13.6% of the total labor force. That percentage might rise if the numbers in the tables include the military. Bangladesh comes fourth with a total of 270 thousand workers (270 thousand workers in the end of the year 2018). This equals 9.5% of total labor force and about 11% of total expat workers. The Philippines occupies the fifth position in total employment by about 220 workers (217 thousand workers in the end of the year 2018), about 7.8% of total labor force and 9% of total expat work force.